Functional Orthodontics

A functional orthodontic treatment, also called dental facial orthopaedics, aims to create a balance between all parts of the jaw and mouth and the rest of body.

By aligning the upper and lower jaws, functional orthodontics can improve the appearance of the patient by not only straightening their teeth, but also moving their jaws into the proper position, which also affects and supports the function of the head, neck and face muscles, and a stable jaw joint with good chewing function.

In turn, the imbalance can cause a variety of problems, such as a variety of chewing disorders, jaw joint issues, headaches, migraines, airway obstructions, sleep disturbances, TMJ Disorder, upper airway obstruction and poor facial profiles.

Orthodontics is the process of restoring the functions of the mouth.

Orthodontics For Children

By using methods such as, expanding the jaw to free up space for teeth, functional orthodontics can straighten teeth without having to pull crowded teeth.

With the use of an expansion appliance, it is possible to achieve good results by widening the upper and lower jaws and creating a more balanced profile. It is also possible to treat breathing problems and sleep apnea by applying non-extraction technique that uses expansion appliances.

The appliances are customizable and both removable and non-removable depending on the case, and they should remain in the mouth for a particular period of time. Although some patients have trouble with their appliance, the results are worthwhile.

What is The Difference Between Traditional Orthodontics & Functional Orthodontics

Traditional Orthodontics

Most orthodontists in this field focus primarily on the alignment of teeth and how they work together. The extraction of adult teeth is common for some traditional orthodontists, and they tend to treat the teeth as separate from the rest of your body as a whole.

Functional Orthodontics

The functional side of orthodontics is all about coordinating the alignment of the jaw and joints with the rest of body. By using functional orthodontics, the orthodontist can help fix genetic bite problems without surgery or extracting teeth. Orthotropic treatment helps stimulate proper development, so extracting teeth is rarely necessary.

By starting functional orthodontics treatment early, one can maximize the development of the upper and lower arches (jaw bones), allowing them to gain space for the permanent teeth. Narrow arches, cause the teeth to come in crowded and require lengthy treatment with braces.

By developing the dental arches at an early age we may prevent the crowding of the permanent teeth. Early treatment of the child’s bite problem will reduce the cost and duration of more expensive and lengthy treatment later on. Preventing the need for permanent tooth extractions is one of the main advantages of early treatment.

Early Treatment With Functional Orthodontics Is Designed To Prevent:

  • Bite problems.
  • Arches/Jaws underdevelopment.
  • Crowded Teeth.
  • Deep overbites.
  • Airway problems.
  • Jaw joint problems.
  • Removal of adult teeth.
  • Fang like tooth appearance.
  • Wearing braces for a very long time.
  • Speech difficulties.
  • Crooked teeth.
  • Low Self-Esteem.
  • Broken or damaged teeth due to misalignment.

Healthy Jaw Joints

Many children with narrow jaws, deep overbites or receding lower jaws have unhealthy jaw joints which can cause:

  • Headaches.
  • Dizziness.
  • Fainting.
  • Difficulty opening jaw.
  • Neck Pain.
  • Ear aches and ringing in the ears.
  • Clicking or locking jaw.
  • Facial pain.

Give The Tongue A Room To Function

The tongue can be confined by narrow jaws and cause speech difficulty. By expanding the size of the jaws, functional appliances increase room for the tongue and allow a child to speak normally. This ensures that the tongue holds the teeth in place even after orthodontic treatment.

About Bruxism

A common phenomenon in functional problems is grinding teeth or bruxism. Grinding teeth has been the subject of scientific research for years.

Bruxism can occur at night (sleep bruxism), and during the day. In the last 10 years, there has been a hypothesis that there is a clear link between sleep bruxism, sleep-related respiratory disorders, and jaw joint problems.

However, the chewing system is also an important factor in the management of emotional (stress) factors, in which clamps and grinding teeth significantly mitigate stress-induced psychosomatic disorders. Bruxism is therefore also a physiological event and of great importance in the medical and dental assessment of this problem. Damage of the teeth due to bruxism must be clearly distinguished from normal tooth wear.

The health and quality of the chewing system and therefore good chewing function play a crucial role in the stress management process.

Grinding teeth (Bruxism) can cause structural problems at the jaw joint, teeth, and support tissue, if the load of the pressure is immense and continues too long, and if the tooth contact where grinding takes place is unfavorable.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)