A dental Implant is a screw-like metal post made of titanium, which is surgically inserted in the jawbone to replace a missing tooth. But what to do if the bone is not sufficient enough? Then bone grafting surgery is the solution!
Bone grafting is needed when the patient is missing bone. A patient can be missing bone vertically or horizontally and the type of bone grafting depends on the location and size of the missing bone. It can be a very small area and in this case, the bone grafting is often done at the same time as the implant. In other cases where the defect is large or if it involves the sinus, then the grafting is done separately from the implant placement.
In principle, it is our goal to avoid bone augmentation during the dental implant procedure if this is possible, but if there is not enough good structured bone available, then bone augmentation cannot be avoided.
Our surgeon Dr. Axel Berens, who has +30 experience in such type of surgeries, will work with the patient to choose the safest suitable bone grafting surgery metho
In most cases, tissues are taken from the patient’s own body, which is called (autogenous). Also, it is possible to obtain the tissues from another person (allograft) or from an animal tissue bank (xenograft). Occasionally, synthetic bone graft material (alloplast) is used.
The dental bone graft material acts as a scaffold to stimulate bone regeneration in your body, means that as soon as the bone graft is placed, it creates an area for your own body to repair itself.
There may be situations when the oral surgeon combines a dental bone graft with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), which is taken from the patient’s own blood sample, and used to stimulate tissue regeneration.
There may be a need for this procedure if a patient requires one of the following dental procedures/surgeries:
The surgery is performed under local anesthetic, so the area will be numb. The surgeon will create a small incision in the gums and move it back to expose the jawbone.
After cleaning and disinfecting the area, your dentist adds bone grafting material to repair the defect. In many cases, the bone graft is covered with a membrane for additional protection. Finally, the gum tissue is repositioned and the incision is closed with stitches.
As with any surgery, the patient may experience pain and swelling, which can be controlled with pain killers and antibiotics prescribed by the dentist. Following the surgery, you may notice small bone fragments that resemble salt or sand grains coming out of the wound. It’s usually nothing to worry about, but contact your dentist if you feel that your wound is not healing properly.
The complete healing process of a dental bone graft can take from three to nine months, sometimes longer, though you will likely feel better within just a week or two. The amount of time it takes for your body to heal depends on several factors, such as the type of graft and the area in which it was placed.
Obtaining a dental bone graft can enhance your chances of receiving dental implants and other restorative treatments. In this procedure, your jaw is restored to its original form after trauma, tooth loss, or periodontal disease.
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